FinEst Link – Project results

The results of the FinEst Link project state that a fast connection between Helsinki and Tallinn could bring major regional, national benefits and growth potential for Europe. The building and boring of the tunnel could start in 2025 and be built in 15 years. This means the tunnel would be ready for passengers and cargo in 2040.

The investment cost of the railway tunnel has been estimated at 13–20 billion euros. The FinEst Link project uses a mean value of 16 billion euros. The amount includes, for instance, tunnel construction, two artificial islands, planning costs, stations, terminals and depots excluding however the costs for rolling stock.

The tunnel project could be economically feasible by using a public-private partnership model where the private sector finances the building of the tunnel, and an EU grant would be needed to cover 40 % of the costs.

Together Helsinki and Tallinn form an economic region of approximately 1,5 million inhabitants. The railway tunnel would help create a metropolitan twin-city region where people, goods and services could move around easily.

The Helsinki–Tallinn tunnel connection would cut the travel time between the two cities down to 30 minutes. The tunnel alignment would be 103 kilometers long which by the current standards would be the longest undersea railway tunnel in the world.

The FinEst Link project analysed the economic and technical feasibility of a railway tunnel for passenger and cargo traffic using a conventional rail operation concept but also asked for ideas from new technology developers. The project received several optional ideas and solutions.

Related projects

FinEst Smart Mobility

  • The FinEst Smart Mobility project improves the flow of traffic from Tallinn’s Old City Harbour to Helsinki’s Jätkäsaari harbor, in particular the passengers’ customer experience.
  • The work is conducted with various smart mobility experiments such as “park and ride” and control of heavy traffic.
  • The plans also include improvements in the connections from the harbours to Helsinki Airport and to the Tallinn ring road.
  • The project has started in September 2016 and it is partly funded by the Central Baltic Interreg Programme.

which looked into the Fixed Link Helsinki-Tallinn and executed the pre-feasibility study.

Rail Baltica Growth Corridor
which lobbied for Rail Baltic and looked into the accessibility of big cities in the Baltic Sea Region.

> Rail Baltica Growth Corridor