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WP3 Study on Helsinki West Harbour Data and Interfaces
The traffic and transport mobility status is a real-time glance into data associated with transport, routes, location of vehicles and circumstances. The data is based on the information made available from several data sources for traffic and transport information e.g. cameras, traffic lights, parking and maintenance. The data can be improved e.g. by crowdsourcing the collection of data and by using commercial data sources. Availability of data and APIs is crucial for any mobility services. Development of any real-time mobility services, e.g. Mobility as a Service concepts, needs reliable data sources and structures to enable valuable services for people on the move.
When the traffic
situation snapshot for Helsinki is implemented, open interfaces and modular
components should be used. Open data is the idea that certain data should be
freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without
restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of control. The
implementation of the system is based on modules that are combined with open
interfaces. The principle of the traffic situation snapshot system is
illustrated in Figure 2.
Figure 2. The principle of the traffic situation snapshot system.
The City of Helsinki decided to support the development of new mobility services by an inventory study to collect, describe and report the existing situation of transport related data and APIs. Additionally, an ideal vision as a target for data and API development was described. Also, planned development needs identified were reported and set as a future roadmap for development. Inventory was made based on needs analysed to support development of real-time traffic situation snapshot, mobility services and harbour functionalities.
One of the main targets of this project was to identify needed real-time data to create a traffic situation snapshot for Helsinki. From this point of view, the main development needs focus on street traffic data. Actions has already been taken to open parking and traffic light data to fill the largest digital gaps, but there will be still some challenges with data coverage especially in the Helsinki West Harbour’s area.
To create fluent mobility chains from and to Helsinki West Harbour, Mobility as Service operators’ data needs must be covered. Generally, MaaS operators are satisfied with current situation of background and traffic data, but lack of booking and digital ticket interfaces makes easy integration of all transport services hard to achieve. The ongoing political process and the transport code attempt to solve these problems, but harmonization of API’s and opening all transport services will be a challenging process.
Helsinki West Harbours’ area is in ongoing development process. Residential construction takes waiting areas from truck traffic, and traffic amounts from and to the harbour are continuously increasing. To handle these problems, traffic planning and new intelligent truck traffic solutions need more real-time data from current traffic situation. Without the data, right decision cannot be made and the end users of the intelligent traffic services cannot be informed.
To achieve the target state of the data and interfaces, several decisions and actions must be made. In generally, status of data needs and the list of available data and interfaces should be maintained as an ongoing process. To close fatal digital gaps the responsible actors must be recognised and actions must be prioritized.